Many many moons ago (whoa, almost a year!) I read this post on A Fashionable Stitch about a book from the Sewing Companion Library, Easy Guide to Sewing Linings by Connie Long.
This book is no longer in print, and Sunni pointed out that its cost used can fluctuate wildly and be quite expensive. After reading her post, I added the book to my Wish List on Half.com (love!) and waited.
Finally, last month the price dropped to a reasonable level (I think the total was about $10 with shipping). Hooray! Sorry for you, but the lowest priced copy has jumped back up to nearly $40. My suggestion: sign up for email alerts and buy it the second the price goes down!
The book is as good as Sunni says. There is a ton of information on lining fabrics and how to choose the right one. There are chapters on all the different garment types, like coats, dresses, skirts, pants, and even vests! Y'know, in case you get in a time machine to 1987 and are taking this book with you.
Since I'm not currently working on anything with a lining, I've mostly been browsing/skimming rather than reading cover to cover. I learn by doing, so the next time I have to line a garment I'll pull this out and follow along. But even minimal reading has revealed great nuggets, tips, and "ohhhhh that's how you do that" moments.
Along with the typical information, there is lesser-seen instruction on lining lace fabrics, sweaters, and working with vents. Each chapter covers how to create your own lining pattern pieces if you garment pattern didn't come with one.
In short, if you see this book for a good price, buy it! I don't sew linings that often, but with this book on my shelf I'll feel much better about attempting it. Do you have this book or another reference for sewing linings?